On-the-job training was popular a generation ago but has been steadily declining in the U.S. for decades. Companies expect candidates who are armed with a degree or certification and relevant work experience, which is discounting a large pool of the American workforce.
White House Unveils Efforts to 'Upskill America'
Higher Paid, More Educated Workers Receive More Job Training
Overview: Following overwhelming bipartisan support in the Senate and House, the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) was signed into law by President Obama on July 22, 2014. The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) supported this legislation to reform the federal job training system and sent a joint support letter to Congress with its affiliate, the Council for Global Immigration.
Just about everyone agrees that the U.S. job training system has functioned poorly for years, bogged down by red tape and a confusing array of programs. Millions of jobs remain unfilled, while millions of Americans cannot find work. Too often, educators and employers talk past one another when seeking solutions.
But HR and training professionals have a new tool with which to address the skills gap: It’s the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), which became law on July 22, 2014. It replaces the antiquated Workforce Investment Act.