Under federal and state laws (most or all), employers can have voluntary retirement programs. Of course, there is much litigation on whether and when an employee’s decision to retire is truly voluntary.
For the first time, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has released a table indicating the type of discriminatory action alleged by statute, and it is a treasure trove of information.
Unsurprisingly, discharge claims led the pack under the three main EEO laws—Title VII, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA).